Izakhono zokugcina iTire koomatshini bokwakha kunye nezixhobo

Izakhono zokugcina iTire koomatshini bokwakha kunye nezixhobo

Amatayara nawo aphila ixesha elide, ngoko ke indlela yokuwagcina ibe yinto ekufuneka sinikele ingqalelo kuyo.Ngezantsi, ndiza kuchaza ubukhulu becala ukunyuka kwamaxabiso, ukhetho, ukujikeleza, ubushushu, kunye nokusingqongileyo kwamatayara.

Enye kukuvuthela ngexesha elifanelekileyo ngokwemigaqo.Emva kokunyuka kwamaxabiso, jonga ukuvuza komoya kuzo zonke iindawo kwaye usebenzise rhoqo igeyiji yoxinzelelo ukujonga uxinzelelo lwetayara.Qinisekisa ukuba amathayi anomlinganiselo othile we-elasticity, kwaye xa ephantsi kwemithwalo echaziweyo, i-deformation akufanele idlule uluhlu oluchaziweyo.Kufuneka babe nokuzinza okulungileyo kunye nentuthuzelo ngexesha lokuqhuba.Ukuqwalasela ukubaleka ixesha elide, uxinzelelo lwetayara elisecaleni kufuneka libe phezulu.

Okwesibini kukukhetha ngokuchanekileyo kunye nokufaka amatayara, kwaye usebenzise iityhubhu zangaphakathi ezihambelanayo ngokweenkcukacha zamatayara.Uphawu olufanayo kunye neenkcukacha zamavili kufuneka zifakwe kumatshini omnye.Xa utshintsha itayara elitsha, umatshini wonke okanye i-coaxial kufuneka itshintshwe ngaxeshanye.Ivili elitsha kufuneka lifakwe kwivili langaphambili, kwaye ivili elilungisiweyo kufuneka lifakwe kwivili elingasemva;Amatayara aneepateni zokwalathisa kufuneka afakwe kwicala elichaziweyo lokuqengqeleka;Amavili ahlaziyiweyo awavumelekanga ukuba asetyenziswe njengamavili angaphambili.

Okwesithathu kukujikeleza rhoqo amatayara.Emva kokuba umatshini uqhutywe ixesha elithile, amathayi angaphambili nasemva kufuneka atshintshwe ngexesha elifanelekileyo ngokwemigaqo.Indlela yokufuduswa komnqamlezo ifanelekile koomatshini abasoloko beqhuba kwiindlela ezinkulu, ngelixa i-cyclic displacement indlela ifanelekile koomatshini abasoloko beqhuba kwiindlela ezithe tyaba.

Okwesine kukulawula ubushushu betayara.Amatayara avelisa ubushushu ngenxa yokukhuhlana nokonakala, nto leyo eyandisa ubushushu noxinzelelo ngaphakathi kwetayara.Xa ubushushu betayara buphezulu kakhulu, akufuneki kusetyenziswe indlela yokwehlisa umoya nokunciphisa uxinzelelo, singasathethi ke ngokufafaza amanzi kwitayara ukuze liphole.Endaweni yoko, itayara kufuneka limiswe liphumle kwindawo epholileyo nengena umoya, kwaye ukuqhuba kunokuqhubeka kuphela emva kokuba ubushushu bevili buhlile.Xa umisa endleleni, kubalulekile ukuba uhlakulele umkhwa wokutyibilika ngokukhuselekileyo kwaye ukhethe umhlaba osicaba, ococekileyo, nongenawo ioli wokupaka, ukuze ivili ngalinye lihlale kakuhle.Xa umatshini ulayishwa ubusuku bonke, kubalulekile ukukhetha indawo yokupaka efanelekileyo kwaye, ukuba kuyimfuneko, phakamisa amavili angasemva.Xa umisa ixesha elide, sebenzisa iibhloko zokhuni ukuxhasa isakhelo sokunciphisa umthwalo kumatayara;Ukuba ivili alikwazi ukupakishwa kwindawo ngaphandle koxinzelelo lomoya, ivili kufuneka liphakanyiswe.

Eyesihlanu kukunqanda ukubola kwamatayara.Kuphephe ukugcina amatayara elangeni, nakwiindawo ezineoli, iiasidi, izinto ezinokutsha, nemichiza eyingozi.Amatayara afanele agcinwe endlwini kwiqondo lobushushu legumbi, lomile, kwaye ebumnyameni.Amatayara afanele abekwe nkqo yaye akuvumelekanga ngokungqongqo ukuba abekwe emcaba, apakishwe, okanye axhonywe kumtya.Ixesha lokugcina aliyi kudlula iminyaka emi-3.Ukuba ityhubhu yangaphakathi idinga ukugcinwa ngokwahlukileyo, kufuneka ifakwe ngokufanelekileyo.Ngaphandle koko, kufuneka ifakwe ngaphakathi kwityhubhu yangaphandle kwaye ifakwe ngokufanelekileyo.

Okwesithandathu, qaphela ukuqala kumaqondo aphantsi.Ingqele eqhaqhazelisa amazinyo ebusika inyusa i-brittleness kunye ne-elasticity yamatayara.Xa umisa ixesha elide okanye uqhuba kwakhona emva kokulala ubusuku bonke, i-clutch pedal kufuneka iphakanyiswe kancinci ukuze iqale kakuhle.Okokuqala, qhuba ngesantya esiphantsi kwaye ulinde iqondo lobushushu letayara linyuke ngaphambi kokuba uqhube ngesiqhelo.Emva kokumisa emkhenkceni ixesha elithile, indawo yokumisa inokuba ngumkhenkce.Ulumkiso olongezelelweyo kufuneka luthatyathwe xa uqala ukuthintela ukunyathela ukukrazuka.Xa ukupaka ngaphandle ixesha elide ebusika, iibhodi zokhuni okanye isanti kufuneka zibekwe phantsi kwamatayara.


Ixesha lokuposa: Jan-10-2024